Salaam. Will Salaah behind an Imam who believes the Prophet Muhammad is Noor and not human, and that is the Prophet saw is physically present everywhere and physically sees and hears all thing (its called Hazir & Nazir) Valid without any dislike?
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
The first aspect is the belief of The Prophet ﷺ being Noor. The meaning of Noor is light, and may refer to different meanings. Allah Ta’ala in the Qur’an has mentioned the moon as being Noor.
هو الذى جعل الشمس ضياء والقمر نورا
Allah is the being who created the sun bright and the moon Noor. (Surah Yunus 5)
Noor as mentioned here of the moon is a light on its own and also gives light to others. Similarly The Prophets (Alayhimus Salaam) are called Noor. They are guided and they are the medium for others to get guidance. In the dua اللهم اجعلنى نورا , (O Allah, make me a source of Noor) the same is meant.
For someone to be Noor (a source of guidance) does not mean that he cannot be human also. Rasulullah (ﷺ) was human as well as Noor. Allah Ta’ala says in the Qur’an:
قُلْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ مِثْلُكُمْ
Say (O Muhammad) I’m verily a human like yourselves. (Al-Kahf-110)
Allah Ta’ala say in the Qur’an:
قَدْ جَاءَكُمْ مِنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَابٌ مُبِينٌ
Verily came to you from Allah Noor and the clear book. (Al-Maidah-15)
According to many authentic sources of Tafseer, Noor that is mentioned here refers to Rasulullah (ﷺ, because He was sent as a guidance and a teacher for the whole of mankind. It is clear from the two verses that He was sent by Allah as both Noor and a human being.
Therefore, to say that Rasulullah (ﷺ) is made of Noor or made from the Noor of Allah and is not human is incorrect. To hold such a belief is erroneous, clearly against the Ayaats of the Quraan and unfounded from the Sahabah (Radhiallahu Anhum) and the rightly guided Fuqahaa (scholars).
Concerning the belief that The Prophet ﷺ is physically present everywhere and physically sees and hears everything (Hadhir & Nadhir) or saying “Ya Rasool or “Ya Nabi” while holding the belief that Rasulullah (ﷺ) hears every sound, sees every action, etc, then it is impermissible and sinful. Only Allah is omnipresent – only Allah can be ever-present and is watching everything at all times. This is mentioned in many verses of the Qur’an.
If one believes that the words “Ya Rasulullah” or “Ya Muhammad” or the praises that are being said are being sent to Rasulullah (ﷺ) via the angels in the form of Durood and Salaam, then it is permissible for one to say such words.
Nevertheless, since many people have the incorrect belief that Rasulullah (ﷺ) is Hadhir and Nadhir (omnipresent), knower of the unseen or that Rasulullah (ﷺ) listens to one who pronounces the words “Ya Nabi” or “Ya Rasulullah”, it is highly advisable that one refrains from uttering such words.
When Rasulullah ﷺ passed away, the Sahabah never used to say ‘Ya Nabi Salam Alaika’ (O Prophet peace be upon you ) or similar greetings to the Prophet (ﷺ) since he was no longer in their presence where they would meet him. Instead, only when they visited his blessed grave, they will face his grave, and convey Salaams directly to him saying, ‘As Salaam Alaika Ayuhan nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh’ (‘Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah’.)
The correct belief is that the Durood and Salawaat recited upon Rasulullah (ﷺ) are conveyed to Rasulullah (ﷺ) via the medium of the angels.
عن عبد الله بن مسعود قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : ان لله ملائكة سياحين في الأرض يبلغوني عن أمتي السلام (سنن الدارمي )
The Prophet ﷺ said: “Verily, Allah has angels that travel the Earth and convey my Ummah’s salutations to me” (ad-Darami)
It is evident that the Sahabah (companions of the Prophet (Sallallahu Alahi Wa Sallam) and those after them from the pious generations of Muslims (the Tabieen and Atba’ut Tabe’een ) did not practice and bring about the singing of ‘Ya Nabi Salaam Alaika’ nor facing towards Madina when sending Salaam, much more for holding the incorrect belief that The Prophet ﷺ is Hadhir and Nadhir, (sees and hears all things, or omnipresent).
Rasullullah (ﷺ) said:
( من أحدث في أمرنا هذا ما ليس فيه فهو رد)
“Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours (i.e., Islaam), it will be rejected” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari)
One must adopt the method of the Sahabah and pious predecessors by reciting Darood and Attahiyyat, as mentioned in various Ahadith. All seeing and All hearing (As Samee’ and Al Baseer) and omnipresence are attributes specific to Allah Ta’ala only, and to believe otherwise will lead to Shirk.
Salaah is a fundamental part of Islām and forms the cornerstone of our basic practices as a Muslim. We should therefore exercise extreme precaution in our Salaah and behind whom we perform our Salaah. One should refrain from praying behind one that holds such wrong beliefs.
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Mufti Arshad Ali
Darul Iftaa, Jaamia Madinatul Uloom (Trinidad)